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Herpes is a highly contagious viral skin infection which usually affects oral and genital parts. This virus affects body part such as lips, tongue, cheeks and the genital parts. There are two types of herpes simplex virus: herpes simplex virus 1 and herpes simplex virus 2. HSV 1 usually causes oral herpes infection whereas HSV 2 causes genital form of herpes infection. The infection is categorized as chronic so there is no cure for this infection.
How does the herpes simplex virus usually spread from one person to other person? Well there are several ways that may lead to transmission of this infection. One of the most common ways of transmission of this virus is sexual activity. There are many person surviving with herpes don’t know that they have herpes due to asymptomatic of herpes symptoms. They don’t recognize that their partner have herpes illness and they accidentally catch this virus by making sexual contact with the herpes patient. Using infected things may lead to infect you from this virus. Sharing infected things with herpes patient such as utensils, towel, razor and toothbrush can easily infect you from this virus. Mother can also infect their new born infant from this herpes infection.
What are the common signs and symptoms of herpes infection? As I earlier mentioned that many people does not develops any symptoms of herpes infection. However there are many signs and symptoms has been recognized in order to detect herpes infection. Most of the common symptoms of herpes are cold sore, painful blister and watery lesion around the infected area. Some people may also develops symptoms like flu, itching, tingling and burning around the infected area. These symptoms (Itching, Tingling and Burning) usually occurs right before the occurrence of cold sore on the lips. Diagnosis of herpes infection is very important in order to start treatment of this illness. There are certain test available which help to detect herpes infection. Polymer chain reaction (PCR) blood test is the most trustable test to detect herpes infection. This test usually displays the accurate result of herpes testing. Other tests such as viral culture test, herpes virus antigen detection test and antibody test can be also include to diagnose herpes infection. However these test usually don’t shows the accurate results of herpes infection. As far as the treatment of herpes illness is concern it is a fact the herpes has no cure yet. All herpes medicines has limited access over the herpes virus as they can’t eliminate herpes virus forever from the body. Acyclovir, Famcyclovir, Valtrex and Val-acyclovir are the major antiviral medicines which often prescribed by the doctors to manage the symptom of herpes. Antiviral ointments and creams can also be used to ease the symptom of herpes infection. Laser treatment and natural herpes treatment can be the alternative ways to treat herpes infection.

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